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AFGHANISTAN: Stream of deportees from Iran continues

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KABUL, 23 June 2008 (IRIN) – About 490,000 Afghans have been deported from
Iran over the past 18 months, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and Afghanistan’s
Ministry of Refugees and Returnees (MoRR) told IRIN.

“One hundred and forty thousand undocumented Afghans have been deported so
far in 2008, and some 350,000 were deported in 2007,” said Salvatore Lombardo,
the UNHCR representative in Afghanistan, adding that most of the deportees were
“single males” who had gone to Iran in search of work.

Abdul Qadir Zazai, chief adviser to the MoRR in Kabul, told IRIN Tehran was
continuing to deport Afghans who are not refugees. Kabul has requested that the
deportations be conducted in a humane and gradual manner.

“Every day 1,500-2,000 individuals are expelled from Iran,” Zazai said.

“Afghanistan does not have the capacity to absorb large numbers of deportees
in a short time,” he said.

The Iranian embassy in Kabul was not immediately available for comment.
However, Iranian officials have always said it is their right to deport all
Afghans who “illegally” enter Iran.

Aid for “the most vulnerable”

According to the UNHCR and the MoRR, over 90 percent of the deportees are
young men who go to Iran to look for jobs but who do not qualify for
humanitarian assistance when deported to Afghanistan.

“Together with UN agencies we provide minimal assistance only to the most
vulnerable deportees,” Zazai said.

In response to a massive expulsion in mid-2007 which pushed ill-prepared
Afghanistan into a humanitarian emergency, the Afghan government, assisted by
aid organisations, set up two transition centres close to the Iranian border to
mitigate the impact of large-scale deportations.

Those deemed “most vulnerable”, mostly women and children, can stay in the
transition centre for up to 48 hours and receive free food, and transportation
assistance to help them reach their final destination.

“The UNHCR has a presence in the border area and we will continue to assist
the most vulnerable deportees,” said Lombardo, adding that over 1,500 deportees
had been assisted in the past six months.

Some two million Afghans in Iran

Some one million Afghans are registered as refugees in Iran. They are allowed
to stay and work in the country, and their permits may be renewed, the UNCHR

The MoRR estimates there are a up to a further one million Afghans in Iran
who do not have appropriate residency documents and are therefore eligible for
deportation according to Iranian law.

Lack of socio-economic opportunities, conflict and drought are driving
thousands of Afghans to Iran and other regional countries.

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Written by afghandevnews

June 24, 2008 at 1:48 pm

Posted in Refugees

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